Do you have diabetes? Here’s how to find out.

It is important for you to know early whether you have diabetes for you to be able to receive the best care and avoid its complications. However, the only reliable way to diagnose diabetes is with a blood test, which your doctor will request. So, should you see your doctor to find out?

If you have some of the early symptoms of diabetes, then you should definitely see your friendly MD. These are the following:

Important: Most of the time, early signs are very mild and difficult to notice—or may be noticeable when blood sugar levels are already markedly high. This makes these early symptoms unreliable.1

 

 

Late signs of diabetes

Some signs and symptoms of diabetes occur when the disease has been present for several years. These include:

Noteworthy symptoms of type 1 diabetes

People with type 1 diabetes also experience two important warning signs:

 Other conditions indicating you should get tested for diabetes

Given that early symptoms are unreliable and late symptoms may already be too late, it is also a good idea to be screened for diabetes even if you do not feel any symptoms. See your doctor for diabetes screening if you have any one of the following:2

• Adults aged > 40 years
• Previous abnormal blood sugar tests
• Body mass index of greater than 23 kg/m2*
• Waist-hip ratio of > 1 for men and >0.85 for women**
• A first-degree relative with type 2 diabetes
• Sedentary lifestyle (little exercise and/or a job that requires a lot of sitting)
• Blood pressure >140/90 mmHg)
• History of stroke, heart disease or diseases of the arteries
• Abnormal blood cholesterol levels
• Delivery of a baby weighing 8 pounds or heavier
• History of polycystic ovary syndrome

In summary, if you have any of the above risk factors for diabetes, or you have early or late signs of diabetes, do not delay. See your doctor today!

 

* To calculate your body mass index, divide your weight in kilograms by the square of your height in meters. If you are using pounds and inches, divide your weight in pounds by the square of your height in inches then multiply by 702. It is best to use a calculator.

**To calculate your waist-to-hip ratio, divide your waist-line by your hip-line.

 

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References:

2Jimeno CA, et al. J ASEAN Federation Endocrine Soc 2015;26(1):26.