Cardiovascular Assessment: A Key to Preventing Heart Attacks

 

There is a lot of weight put on the common saying “health is wealth,” and for good reason. Preventing diseases is one of the best ways to maintain your health and live a long life. Keeping your system in check also grants you better opportunities to save money and prevent you from getting into financial debt from medical expenses. 

Doctors will typically recommend you to come in for an annual check-up to ensure that you are getting the proper preventive healthcare. These procedures will help estimate your overall health status, and based on the results, your healthcare provider can recommend the necessary steps you need to follow to lower the chances of developing serious health conditions.

Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death in the world. Depending on several factors, such as age, lifestyle habits, and other pre-existing medical conditions, your overall health can greatly vary from other people. 

To ensure that your health is in good condition, you can take various tests to give doctors a more accurate assessment or diagnosis. In this infographic, you can learn more information on how to prevent a heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases.

 

Infographic guide to cardiovascular assessment

 

There are several types of cardiovascular assessment tests available today, as performed by trained healthcare providers. These methods are used to accurately detect irregularities in your cardiovascular system, which helps a doctor make a proper diagnosis of your condition.

Different medical tests are essential for early detection to get the correct treatment as quickly as possible. Without this, complications could arise, and treatment may be too late.

 

Blood pressure test1

A blood pressure test is a simple way of measuring the pressure in your arteries as the heart pumps blood throughout your body. It’s almost a standard part of a doctor’s appointment to screen for high blood pressure or hypertension. The higher the pressure, the more risk you have for cardiovascular problems such as a heart attack or stroke.

 

Electrocardiogram (ECG)2

An ECG test construes the electrical impulses of your heart and displays how well it is beating. Healthcare professionals carry this out by attaching wires connected to a machine to your chest, arms, and legs. The machine collects the electrical impulses from your heart and sends them to a device to print out the results.

Your doctor will use these readings to help diagnose a heart attack or other irregularities related to your heart rhythms. Normal readings are measured between 120 to 200 ms, which is equivalent to around 3 to 5 small squares on the ECG paper. 

 

Total cholesterol test3

This blood test, also known as a lipid profile or lipid panel, determines the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. 

These tests are conducted to analyze your risk of buildup plaque in the arteries and other pathways in the body. If left unchecked, the arteries can become narrowed or blocked by fatty buildup, preventing proper blood flow and leading to a host of cardiovascular conditions.

 

Echocardiogram4

Others know this as a cardiovascular screening test where your healthcare service provider generates a 2D or 3D image of your heart through an ultrasound machine. 

The procedure uses a probe that goes on your chest or down your throat. This will help check the valves and chambers of your heart and see how well they’re working to pump blood. This test is also commonly used to detect any signs of a valve, carotid, or cardiac disease. 

 

Nuclear Cardiac Stress Test5

This cardiovascular assessment test is conducted through a radioactive dye that is injected into your bloodstream. The substance is known as a tracer, which helps create images of your blood flowing throughout your body while at rest or exerting yourself. 

The examination allows your doctor to measure the blood flow, which can help determine if you’re at risk of a heart attack or any other cardiac event.

 

Coronary Angiogram6

Also known as cardiac catheterization, this procedure is done by inserting a small tube into an artery on your arm, wrist, or private area. The tube is then moved upward until it reaches your heart, where a special dye is injected into the coronary artery.

The doctor uses an X-ray to determine how clogged your arteries may be. For many, this procedure is essential to decide on the right method of treatment for this problem.

 

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)7

MRI scans make use of strong magnets and radio waves to make a detailed image of your heart. A special dye may also be injected into the bloodstream in some cases to make parts of the arteries more visible on the monitor. 

Many healthcare providers rely on this test to view the current structure of the heart and determine the best treatment for the patient. It is also one of the fastest methods medical workers can use to accurately determine the state of your organs and arteries. 

 

Coronary Computed Tomography Angiogram (CCTA)8

CCTA is another type of scanning test that can help your doctor diagnose coronary artery diseases. The procedure is non-invasive and can show where there is plaque buildup, causing blockage of narrowed arteries. 

Upon receiving the results, your doctor will recommend the most effective treatment plan to remove this buildup and allow your blood to circulate in your body normally.

 

Exercise Stress Test9

The exercise stress test is a type of ECG procedure that monitors your heart while performing strenuous physical activity. 

Healthcare professionals will typically connect you to a machine through attached wires to monitor your heart rate and other related factors as you run or jog on a treadmill. This test determines if your heart can properly pump and circulate blood when needed the most. 

 

Health Watch 

 

Taking preventative measures to ensure your health is in good condition is essential if you want to live a long and healthy life. This includes getting checked by your doctor regularly or as often as needed. 

Today, many people remain unsure of their risk of heart disease and often begin proper treatment when symptoms are already bad. Do not risk your health and wait until it becomes too late. Take the Framingham risk score assessment test today to know if you are at risk of any cardiovascular disease.

 

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References:

1https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/blood-pressure-test/about/pac-20393098
2https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/heart-attack/diagnosing-a-heart-attack/electrocardiogram-ecg-or-ekg
3https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cholesterol-test/about/pac-20384601
4https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/diagnosing-echocardiogram
5https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/nuclear-stress-test/about/pac-20385231
6https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/coronary-angiogram/about/pac-20384904
7https://www.nibib.nih.gov/science-education/science-topics/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri
8https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info/angiocoroct
9https://www.healthline.com/health/exercise-stress-test

 

Disclaimer: The information provided is for information purposes only and is not meant to be substituted for the advice given by a registered medical practitioner. This information should not be used for diagnosing health problems or for self-medication. Boehringer Ingelheim shall not be responsible for any damages or losses arising out of access to or use of information provided.